Modern cake, especially layer cakes, normally contain a combination of flour, sugar, eggs, and butter or oil, with some varieties also requiring liquid (typically milk or water) and leavening agents (such as yeast or baking powder). Flavorful ingredients like fruit purées, nuts, dried or candied fruit, or extracts are often added, and numerous substitutions for the primary ingredients are possible. Cakes are often filled with fruit preserves or dessert sauces (like pastry cream), iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped borders or candied fruit.
Cake is often the dessert of choice for meals at ceremonial occasions, particularly weddings, anniversaries, and birthdays. There are countless cake recipes; some are bread-like, some rich and elaborate, and many are centuries old. Cake making is no longer a complicated procedure; while at one time considerable labor went into cake making (particularly the whisking of egg foams), baking equipment and directions have been simplified so that even the most amateur cook may bake a cake.
Raisin cakeCakes are broadly divided into several categories, based primarily on ingredients and cooking techniques.
Yeast cakes are the oldest and are very similar to yeast breads. Such cakes are often very traditional in form, and include such pastries as babka and stollen.
Cheesecakes, despite their name, aren't really cakes at all. Cheesecakes are in fact custard pies, with a filling made mostly of some form of cheese (often cream cheese, mascarpone, ricotta or the like), and have very little flour added, although a flour-based or graham cracker crust may be used. Cheesecakes are also very old, with evidence of honey-sweetened cakes dating back to ancient Greece.
Sponge cakes are thought to be the first of the non-yeast-based cakes and rely primarily on trapped air in a protein matrix (generally of beaten eggs) to provide leavening, sometimes with a bit of baking powder or other chemical leaven added as insurance. Such cakes include the Italian/Jewish pan di Spagna and the French Génoise. Highly decorated sponge cakes with lavish toppings are sometimes called gateau; the French word for cake.
A large cake garnished with strawberriesButter cakes, including the pound cake and devil's food cake, rely on the combination of butter, eggs, and sometimes baking powder or bicarbonate of soda to provide both lift and a moist texture.
Beyond these classifications, cakes can be classified based on their appropriate accompaniment (such as coffee cake) and contents (e.g. fruitcake or flourless chocolate cake).
Some varieties of cake are widely available in the form of cake mixes, wherein some of the ingredients (usually flour, sugar, flavoring, baking powder, and sometimes some form of fat) are premixed, and the cook needs add only a few extra ingredients, usually eggs, water, and sometimes vegetable oil or butter. While the diversity of represented styles is limited, cake mixes do provide an easy and readily available homemade option for cooks who are not accomplished bakers.
Cakes may be classified according to the occasion for which they are intended. For example, wedding cakes, birthday cakes, cakes for first communion, Christmas cakes, Halloween cakes and Passover plava (a type of sponge cake sometimes made with matzo meal) are all identified primarily according to the celebration they are intended to accompany. The cutting of a wedding cake constitutes a social ceremony in some cultures. The Ancient Roman marriage ritual of confarreatio originated in the sharing of a cake.
Particular types of cake may be associated with particular festivals, such as stollen or chocolate log (at Christmas), babka and simnel cake (at Easter), or mooncake. There has been a long tradition of decorating an iced cake at Christmas time; other cakes associated with Christmas include chocolate log and mince pies.
A chocolate cakeCakes are frequently described according to their physical form. Cakes may be small and intended for individual consumption. Larger cakes may be made with the intention of being sliced and served as part of a meal or social function. Common shapes include:
Conical, such as the Kransekake
Cupcakes and madeleines, which are both sized for a single person
Layer cakes, frequently baked in a springform pan and decorated
Sheet cakes, simple, flat, rectangular cakes baked in sheet pans
Swiss roll cakes
A finished cake is often enhanced by covering it with icing, or frosting, and toppings such as sprinkles, which are also known as "jimmies" in certain parts of the United States and "hundreds and thousands" in the United Kingdom. Frosting is usually made from powdered (icing) sugar, sometimes a fat of some sort, milk or cream, and often flavorings such as vanilla extract or cocoa powder. Some decorators use a rolled fondant icing. Commercial bakeries tend to use lard for the fat, and often whip the lard to introduce air bubbles. This makes the icing light and spreadable. Home bakers either use lard, butter, margarine or some combination thereof. Sprinkles are small firm pieces of sugar and oils that are colored with food coloring. In the late 20th century, new cake decorating products became available to the public. These include several specialized sprinkles and even methods to print pictures and transfer the image onto a cake.
Special tools are needed for more complex cake decorating, such as piping bags or syringes, and various piping tips. To use a piping bag or syringe, a piping tip is attached to the bag or syringe using a coupler. The bag or syringe is partially filled with icing which is sometimes colored. Using different piping tips and various techniques, a cake decorator can make many different designs. Basic decorating tips include open star, closed star, basketweave, round, drop flower, leaf, multi, petal, and specialty tips.
Royal icing, marzipan (or a less sweet version, known as almond paste), fondant icing (also known as sugarpaste) and buttercream are used as covering icings and to create decorations. Floral sugarcraft or wired sugar flowers are an important part of cake decoration. Cakes for special occasions, such as wedding cakes, are traditionally rich fruit cakes or occasionally Madeira cakes, that are covered with marzipan and iced using royal icing or sugar-paste. They are finished with piped borders (made with royal icing) and adorned with a piped message, wired sugar flowers, hand-formed fondant flowers, marzipan fruit, piped flowers, or crystallized fruits or flowers such as grapes or violets.
The term "cake" has a long history. The word itself is of Viking origin, from the Old Norse word "kaka".Although clear examples of the difference between cake and bread are easy to find, the precise classification has always been elusive.For example, banana bread may be properly considered either a quick bread or a cake.
The Greeks invented beer as a leavener, frying fritters in olive oil, and cheesecakes using goat's milk.In ancient Rome, basic bread dough was sometimes enriched with butter, eggs, and honey, which produced a sweet and cake-like baked good.Latin poet Ovid refers to the birthday of him and his brother with party and cake in his first book of exile, Tristia.Early cakes in England were also essentially bread: the most obvious differences between a "cake" and "bread" were the round, flat shape of the cakes, and the cooking method, which turned cakes over once while cooking, while bread was left upright throughout the baking process.Sponge cakes, leavened with beaten eggs, originated during the Renaissance, possibly in Spain
•Pumpkin Cheesecake Pie Recipe
•Philadelphia 3-Step Double-Chocolate Layer Cheesecake Recipe
•Lemon-Cream Cheese Cupcakes Recipe
•Berry Cheesecake Parfaits Recipe
•Wave Your Flag Cheesecake Recipe
•Red Velvet Cake With Vanilla Cream Cheese Frosting Recipe
•Carrot Cake Cheesecake Recipe
.•Easy Fudgey Pudding Cake Recipe
•Pineapple Cheesecake Tartlets Recipe
•Lemon-Citrus Cheesecake Recipe
•Mango Cheesecake Recipe
•Easy Raspberry Cheesecake Recipe
•Lime-Gingersnap Cheesecake Recipe
•Pumpkin Cheesecake Recipe
•Passion Fruit Cheesecake Recipe
1. Apple Cinnamon Bread
2. Apple Hand Pies
3. Banana Cream Pie
4. Banana Cupcakes with Vanilla Pastry Cream
5. Banana Muffins
6. Banana Nut Bread
7. Bananas Foster Banana Bread
8. Bananas Foster Bread Pudding
9. Black-and-White Banana Loaf
10. Blackberry Pie Bars
11. Blueberry Boy Bait
12. Blueberry-Buttermilk Scones
13. Blueberry Cheesecake Ice Cream
14. Blueberry Crisp
15. Blueberry Crumb Cake
16. Blueberry Muffins
17. Blueberry Pie
18. Cherry Crisp
19. Classic Apple Pie
20. Classic Lemonade
21. Cranberry Orange Scones
22. Cranberry Upside-Down Cake
23. Dutch Apple Pie
24. Fresh Strawberry Ice Cream
25. Fresh Strawberry Pie
26. Ginger-Tea Lemonade
27. Hidden Berry Cream Cheese Torte
28. Lemon Bars
29. Lemon Burst Cookies
30. Lemon-Limoncello Cupcakes
31. Lemon Meringue Pie
32. Lemon Poppy Seed Muffins
33. Margarita Cupcakes
34. Peach Cobbler
35. Peach Crumb Bars
36. Peach Pie
37. Pineapple Upside-Down Cake
38. Orange Berry Muffins
39. Orange Cream Tart
40. Raspberry Streusel Bars
41. Rhubarb Crumb Cake
42. Rhubarb Pie-Tartlets
43. Roasted Banana Ice Cream
44. Russian Grandmothers’ Apple Pie-Cake
45. Skillet Apple Crisp
46. Southern Banana Pudding
47. Strawberry Mirror Cake
48. Strawberry-Rhubarb Pie
49. Strawberry Tart
50. White Sangria